Skip to Content

Discover the Unique Architecture of Brussels (17 Beautiful Buildings)

Brussels is an architectural treasure map, with so many different styles and even a few buildings that are considered to be UNESCO World Heritage.

It’s always hard to begin exploring a city as big as Brussels when you’re looking for the most beautiful buildings. From UNESCO World Heritage, to modern masterpieces Brussells has so much to offer for architecture lovers. 

brussels architecture

To get you started, here is a list of the most interesting and amazing buildings, mentioning all the beauties like the Art Nouveau style of the Musical Instrument Museum, The Gothic Town Hall and the Neo-Renaissance Galleries of Saint-Hubert!

All architectural gems in Brussels

Make sure to bring a camera when you’re discovering Brussels, because you’ll walk by a lot of stunning places such as cathedrals, historic monuments, and other architectural landmarks where it’s easy to create a unique photograph

1) Basilica of the Sacred Heart

Address: Elisabeth Park, 1083 Brussels

Aerial view of Brussels with two towers of Koekelberg basilica, Belgium

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart, constructed in the Art Deco style, is 89 meters tall and 167 long: measurements which make it the fifth largest church in the world.

Located in the outskirts of Brussels, in the neighborhood of Koekelberg, the Basilica of the Sacred Heart (Sacré-Coeur Basilica) is an architectural masterpiece from the twentieth century.

2) House of Bellone

Address: Vlaamsesteenweg 46, 1000 Brussels

La Bellone – also known as the House of Performing Arts is situated in the center of the city,  and is dedicated to live arts: theater, dance, opera, circus, performance,..

The building is a courtyard covered by a glass roof, sheltering a baroque facade which was built at the beginning of the 18th century by Jean Cosyn.

3) Saint Jacques-sur-Coudenberg

Address: Koningsplein, 1000 Brussels

St Jacques Church and Coudenberg Street, Brussels, Belgium

The Church of St. James on Coudenberg is a neoclassical Roman Catholic church located on the historic Place Royale/Koningsplein in the central of the city.

4) Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula

Address: Sinter-Goedeleplein, 1000 Brussels

The Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula

The Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula is a medieval Roman Catholic church.It is consecrated to St. Michael and St. Gudula – the patron saints of the City of Brussels – and is considered to be one of the finest examples of Brabantine Gothic architecture.

5) Chapel Church

Address: Rue de la Chapelle, 1000 Brussels

Remarkable due to its Romanesque and Romanesque-Gothic architecture, it is one of the most interesting in Belgium. One of its chapels is devoted to the memory of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and his wife, Marie Coucke.

6) Halle Gate

Address: Boulevard du Midi 150, 1060 Saint-Gilles

Medieval fortified Halle Gate in Brussels, capital of Belgium

The Halle Gate is a medieval fortified city gate and the last vestige of the second walls of Brussels.

It is now a museum, part of the Royal Museums of Art and History (RMAH).

7) Eglise Notre-Dame de Laeken

Address: Parvis Notre-Dame, 1020 Laeken

Brussels, Belgium. View of neo-Gothic Church of Our Lady of Laeken

Constructed in the 19th century and dedicated to Louise-Marie, first Queen of the Belgians, it contains the Royal Crypt.

The choir of the original 13th century church is in early Gothic style and is in the cemetery where numerous well-known personalities are buried.

8) Place de la Bourse

Address: Beursplein, 1000 Brussels

The Place de la Bourse – literally to “Stock Exchange Square” – is a major square. The former Stock Exchange building is located on this square.

9) The Royal Theatre of La Monnaie

Address: Munt, 1000 Brussels

he square of the Royal Theatre la Monnaie in Brussels.

Of all the buildings in Brussels, none has witnessed the joys, sorrows and even the beginning of the nation quite like La Monnaie has. It’s a cultural institution where visitors can enjoy theater and music, but it’s also a place where you can touch a still relevant piece of Belgium’s history.

10) Pannenhuis Metro Station

Address: Charles Demeerstraat, Laeken

The Pannenhuis Metro Station is one of the metro stations on line 6 of the Brussels Metro and was opened in 1982. Its striking design has made it a popular spot for urban photographers.

Pannenhuis Metro Station

11) Atomium

Address: Atomiumsquare, 1020 Brussels

The Atomium is an archutectural landmark, originally constructed for the 1958 Brussels World Expo. It is located on the Heysel Plateau, where the exhibition took place and now it functions as a museum.

atomium brussels

12) Stoclet Palace

Address: Stocletpaleis, 1150 Brussels

The Stoclet Palace is considered to be one of the best architectural masterpieces in Brussels. However, this Art Nouveau villa, built by several established artists, has one setback – the palace is deemed private property under the jurisdiction of its heirs, meaning it is closed to the public. While the Stoclet family wants people to keep a distance from their home, at least individuals can appreciate the view.

The villa became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009.

13) Villa Empain

Address: Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 67, Brussels

Villa Empain is one of the most impressive and emblematic architectural buildings of Brussels.

It’s a private house in the Art Deco style built in 1930–1934 by Swiss architect Michel Polak. It was commissioned by Baron Louis Empain – son of the Belgian industrialist Édouard Empain. Since its restoration in 2009–2011, it has been open to the public.

Villa Empain is currently being owned by the Boghossian family, and is the host to multiple cultural events: from lunch time political conferences to art fairs.

14) Grand Place

Address: Grand Palace, 1000 Brussels

Grand Place brussels

The Grand Place is the most important tourist destination and most memorable landmark in Brussels. It is also considered as one of the most beautiful squares in Europe, and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998.

15) Apple Store

Address: Avenue de la Toison d’Or 26/28, Brussels

Brussels Apple Store is truly beautiful – the glass panels are up to 8 meters high and took a lot of technique and are able to design them and places. Apple wanted to create A new way linking the store with its surroundings.

16) Council of the European Union

Address: Wetstraat 175, 1000 Brussels

Waving flags in front of European Parliament building. Brussels, Belgium

The Council of the European Union houses the Council of Europe member states and other offices. The building is a huge complex, which is quite interesting as well.

Tip: Best to make arrangements days in advance, so you’re able to actually enter the building.

17) Palace of Justice of Brussels

Address: Poelaertplein 1, 1000 Brussels

Le Palais de Justice (The Palace of Justice) is one of the largest and most impressive buildings in the whole of Europe.

palace of justice brussels

It is currently still the most important court building in Belgium. Due to its sheer size (a total ground surface of 26,000 m²) and its location on the high Town of Brussels, the building is visible from most parts of the town.

Belgium’s most important courthouse has been the butt of jokes for decades, because it has been covered with scaffolds since 1983.

Read More:

15 Best Attractions in Amsterdam for the Cultural Traveller

18 Unique Things to Do in Copenhagen

20 Unique Things to Do In Oslo – A Culture Guide

    As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases at no extra cost to you. This post may contain affiliate links that earn us a commission.

    Join our Patreon Community for exclusive content and bonuses.